Navigating life with a mobility limitation can be stressful and difficult at times-particularly when it comes to something as essential as using the bathroom. But what if there were a way to make your space accessible, regardless of disability?

In this guide, you’ll get an inside look into creating bathrooms that are safe and comfortable for wheelchair users — no matter their physical needs! From adapting existing layouts to designing from scratch, let us guide you through the process of making a truly inclusive bathroom environment – so any user can feel safely supported.

old man in a wheelchair

Importance of Accessibility in Bathroom Design

Accessibility in bathroom design is not just about convenience — it’s about independence, dignity, and inclusivity. For wheelchair users, a well-designed, accessible bathroom can be the key to a secure and comfortable lifestyle. It is crucial to consider elements such as wide doorways for easy access, roll-in showers for seamless transfer, and grab bars for enhanced safety.

Height-adjusted sinks, mirrors, and storage spaces are also significant factors. Attention to these details ensures that everyone, regardless of mobility, can use the bathroom independently and confidently. Remember, an accessible bathroom is an inclusive bathroom.

Key Features of Wheelchair-Accessible Bathrooms

Wheelchair-accessible bathrooms are designed to provide people with disabilities greater independence, safety, and comfort when using the facilities. These bathrooms have a few key features which make them unique: wider doorways and ramps, grab bars, and lower fixtures.

The doors are typically 36 inches or wider to accommodate wheelchairs, with ramps added for those who have trouble navigating the few inches that separate different levels. Grab bars provide additional support and can be added anywhere in the bathroom, while lower fixtures are installed to make it easier for people in wheelchairs to reach the sink and toilet.

These accessible bathrooms also usually have large open spaces, allowing for more room for manoeuvrability. Additional adaptations might include:

  1. Roll-in Showers: These allow wheelchair users to roll directly into the shower area without any obstructions, offering seamless transition and reducing the risk of falls and injuries.
  2. Non-slip Flooring: To enhance safety, non-slip or anti-skid flooring materials are commonly used in accessible bathrooms.
  3. Adjustable Shower Heads: These can be adjusted to different heights, providing flexibility for wheelchair users.
  4. Emergency Call Systems: In case of a fall or other emergency, these systems allow the user to call for help quickly.
  5. Accessible Bathroom Layout: A thoughtfully planned layout ensures sufficient turning space for wheelchairs and clear space for unobstructed access to all fixtures.
  6. Height-Adjustable Counters: These counters can be adjusted according to the wheelchair user’s comfort, enabling them to use the sink or other counter-based fixtures with ease.

Wet Rooms vs. Walk-in Showers or Baths

When choosing bathroom features for wheelchair users, a common dilemma is between opting for a wet room or a walk-in shower or bath.

Wet Rooms provide an open-plan design where the entire room is fully waterproofed, including a non-slip floor with a gentle gradient towards a central floor drain. This design eliminates the need for a shower tray, making it a perfect choice for wheelchair users as it offers unhindered access. However, it requires professional installation and can be a pricier option.

On the other hand, Walk-in Showers or Baths are self-contained units with a lowered or level access entry point, enabling easy wheelchair access. They often come with built-in seats, handrails, and non-slip flooring, ensuring a comfortable and safe experience. However, they might require more space in the bathroom compared to wet rooms.

Ultimately, the choice between a wet room or a walk-in bath should be based on your personal preferences, limitations (such as budget or room size) and future needs. It’s best to consult with an experienced professional who can guide you in making the best decision for your unique situation.

courtesy of EA Mobility

Spacing and Layout for Wheelchair Navigation

When designing a wheelchair-accessible bathroom, proper spacing and the right layout are paramount. Attention must be given to creating enough manoeuvring space for a wheelchair, typically a circular space of 1500 mm in diameter. This ensures ease of navigation for wheelchair users, allowing them to utilise all bathroom facilities without difficulty.

Doorways should be positioned in a way that they do not obstruct the turning or movement of a wheelchair. Similarly, there should be a clear path of at least 900 mm width to access all fixtures. The layout of different elements, such as the sink, toilet, and shower, should be planned to minimise the need for transfers – a common cause of accidents in the bathroom.

The height of fixtures also plays a key role in accessibility. Sinks should be mounted at a height of around 800-850 mm with generous knee space underneath, while toilets should ideally be at a height of 450-500 mm to facilitate easy transfers.

Remember, the primary goal of an accessible bathroom layout is to enable wheelchair users to use the bathroom independently and with dignity, and careful planning ensures this goal is met.

Safety Considerations in Wheelchair-Friendly Bathrooms

In a wheelchair-friendly bathroom, safety should always be a top priority. Key safety considerations include the installation of grab bars near the toilet, shower, and bathtub. These aids should be sturdy and slip-resistant, providing support when transferring from a wheelchair to the toilet or shower seat.

Non-slip flooring is equally important as it reduces the risk of slipping when the floor is wet. Consider using textured tiles or rubber flooring for added safety.

Ensure that all fixtures, such as towel rails, soap dishes, and shower controls, are within easy reach from a seated position. This eliminates the need for risky stretches and movements.

Lighting also plays a critical role in safety. Well-lit spaces reduce the risk of accidents by improving visibility. It’s also a good idea to include a waterproof emergency call button in the bathroom, allowing for immediate assistance in case of an emergency.

Remember, a bathroom that caters to the unique needs of wheelchair users not only promotes independence but also provides peace of mind knowing that safety has been prioritised.

Innovative Accessories for Wheelchair-Accessible Bathrooms

Aside from the basic fixtures and layout considerations, there are innovative accessories that can enhance the experience of wheelchair users in the bathroom. Touchless technology, for instance, can make for a more hygienic and efficient use of faucets, soap dispensers, and hand dryers. This technology also eliminates the need for reaching and twisting knobs, making it a beneficial addition to accessible bathrooms.

Another unique accessory is the portable bath step, a sturdy, non-slip platform that can help wheelchair users transition into a bath more effortlessly.

For the utmost convenience, consider introducing voice-activated controls for lights, shower, and water temperature. These systems can provide wheelchair users with greater independence, allowing them to control various aspects of the bathroom environment with ease.

It’s also worth exploring height-adjustable mirrors and suction-cup grab bars that can be moved and repositioned as required. These innovations transform an accessible bathroom into a more user-friendly and comfortable space for wheelchair users. Always remember, while functionality is vital, comfort and personalisation should not be compromised in a wheelchair-accessible bathroom.


With this guide, we hope that you feel more educated and inspired to make your bathroom a dream come true. Whether you’re looking for assistance with designing a bathroom from scratch or need particular products to create the wheelchair-accessible bathroom look, EA Mobility can help.

Request our brochure to explore our range of assisted and independent bathing products. If you have any questions or need personalised advice, don’t hesitate to contact us. At EA Mobility, we’re here to make accessibility a seamless part of your life.